Planning is the first and the most crucial step for starting a business. Business Planning lays down step-by-step procedure by which would function. The various functional requirements of business-marketing, finance, human resource and production, provide information to all the concerned people like employees, venture capitalists, etc. and it also draws a read map to help the entrepreneur run the business successfully.
Financial plan: Financial plan indicates the financial requirements of the proposed business enterprise such as: Projected cash flows ; Projected income statement ; Projected break-even point ; Projected ratios ; Projected balance sheet ; Project report preparation.
Production/ Operation plan: The production/ Operation plan should include strategies for the following parameters ; Location and reasons for selecting the location ; Physical layout ; Cost and availability of machinery, equipments, raw material ; List of suppliers and, if possible, distributors ; Cost of manufacturing ; Quality management ; Production scheduling, capacity management and inventory management ; Changes in above in the case of expansion of business.
Drawing functional Plan: After positive result form the feasibility study, functional plans are drawn up. Some scholars and writers prefer to include feasibility study with functional plan but the two have been taken separately. Whereas only after the feasibility study can one go into the derails of drawing up functional plans which would determine the strategies for all the operational areas : marketing, Finance and production.
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