Production/ Operation plan: The production/ Operation plan should include strategies for the following parameters ; Location and reasons for selecting the location ; Physical layout ; Cost and availability of machinery, equipments, raw material ; List of suppliers and, if possible, distributors ; Cost of manufacturing ; Quality management ; Production scheduling, capacity management and inventory management ; Changes in above in the case of expansion of business.
It is known to be the most crucial step in the successful running of the business because a well planned business venture carefully scans all the possible opportunities and threats, understand the demands of the market and arranges for the best possible resources which finally lead to the success of the business.
Drawing functional Plan: After positive result form the feasibility study, functional plans are drawn up. Some scholars and writers prefer to include feasibility study with functional plan but the two have been taken separately. Whereas only after the feasibility study can one go into the derails of drawing up functional plans which would determine the strategies for all the operational areas : marketing, Finance and production.
The business plan serves several purposes: Enables the entrepreneur to think through the business in a logical and structured way and to set out the stage in the achievement of the business objectives ; Enables the entrepreneur to plot progress against the plan ; Ensures that the resources needed to carry out the strategy and the times when they are required are both identified ; Preparing the business plan ensures that the entrepreneur has thought through the crucial aspects of the venture ; It is a means for making all employees aware of the business direction ; It is an important document for discussion with prospective investors and lenders of finance ; It links into the derailed, short-term, one-year budget.
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