It is outline of the business giving details of the finance, assets, staff, products or services and markets. It guides the entrepreneur, it identifies possible problems and it is also used in funding applications. The business plans sets out how to owner of a business intends to realize its objectives.
Marketing Plan: Marketing plan lays down the strategies of marketing which can lead to the success of business. These strategies are in terms of marketing mix (product, price, place and promotion). From the market feasibility study and marketing research, potential/ present demands of customers are determined which helps in understanding the profile of customers and hence help in laying down the strategies for segmentation of the market, identification of the target market laying down strategies for target market.
Remember the proverbial expression 'not seeing the wood for the trees'? You need to see the 'wood' first, then delve in and start examining the individual 'trees', meaning the individual items which you will be breaking down later. So a great point is to make sure that you have that overarching vision - and if you cannot find one, then maybe it is an indication that you are obsessing on a few technical aspects that do not necessarily make up a whole business as you had imagined it.
Drawing functional Plan: After positive result form the feasibility study, functional plans are drawn up. Some scholars and writers prefer to include feasibility study with functional plan but the two have been taken separately. Whereas only after the feasibility study can one go into the derails of drawing up functional plans which would determine the strategies for all the operational areas : marketing, Finance and production.
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