Financial plan: Financial plan indicates the financial requirements of the proposed business enterprise such as: Projected cash flows ; Projected income statement ; Projected break-even point ; Projected ratios ; Projected balance sheet ; Project report preparation.
Production/ Operation plan: The production/ Operation plan should include strategies for the following parameters ; Location and reasons for selecting the location ; Physical layout ; Cost and availability of machinery, equipments, raw material ; List of suppliers and, if possible, distributors ; Cost of manufacturing ; Quality management ; Production scheduling, capacity management and inventory management ; Changes in above in the case of expansion of business.
The business plan serves several purposes: Enables the entrepreneur to think through the business in a logical and structured way and to set out the stage in the achievement of the business objectives ; Enables the entrepreneur to plot progress against the plan ; Ensures that the resources needed to carry out the strategy and the times when they are required are both identified ; Preparing the business plan ensures that the entrepreneur has thought through the crucial aspects of the venture ; It is a means for making all employees aware of the business direction ; It is an important document for discussion with prospective investors and lenders of finance ; It links into the derailed, short-term, one-year budget.
Preparing a Business Plan: A business plan has to be in accordance with the organization in question, its situation and time. However, a business plan is not just a document to be produced and filed. Instead, business planning is a continuous process. The business plan has to be a living document, constantly in use of monitor, control and guide the progress of a business.
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