It seems to have been put there to fill the need to attribute a certain sum to marketing. Make sure you are researching each point of your budget, make sure that you are giving it context and it makes proper sense within your overall plan.
Production/ Operation plan: The production/ Operation plan should include strategies for the following parameters ; Location and reasons for selecting the location ; Physical layout ; Cost and availability of machinery, equipments, raw material ; List of suppliers and, if possible, distributors ; Cost of manufacturing ; Quality management ; Production scheduling, capacity management and inventory management ; Changes in above in the case of expansion of business.
It is known to be the most crucial step in the successful running of the business because a well planned business venture carefully scans all the possible opportunities and threats, understand the demands of the market and arranges for the best possible resources which finally lead to the success of the business.
It could be, for example, the risk of a change in the economic environment - what are your contingency plans for that in terms of dealing with such a situation? There may be many other risks as well specific to your particular sphere of operation, but that ability to plan ahead for all scenarios makes for a robust business plan.
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