For any organization, various functional plans-marketing, financial, human resources, production-have to be laid down, even though all the functional plans serve different purposes and all theses plans provide guidance and structure to the successful running of the business.
Remember the proverbial expression 'not seeing the wood for the trees'? You need to see the 'wood' first, then delve in and start examining the individual 'trees', meaning the individual items which you will be breaking down later. So a great point is to make sure that you have that overarching vision - and if you cannot find one, then maybe it is an indication that you are obsessing on a few technical aspects that do not necessarily make up a whole business as you had imagined it.
Marketing Plan: Marketing plan lays down the strategies of marketing which can lead to the success of business. These strategies are in terms of marketing mix (product, price, place and promotion). From the market feasibility study and marketing research, potential/ present demands of customers are determined which helps in understanding the profile of customers and hence help in laying down the strategies for segmentation of the market, identification of the target market laying down strategies for target market.
Business planning process : As discussed above, a successful entrepreneur lays down a step by step plan that he/she follows while starting a new business. This business plans acts as a guiding tool to the entrepreneur and is dynamic in nature - and needs continuous review and updating so that the plan remains viable even in the changing business situations.