Production/ Operation plan: The production/ Operation plan should include strategies for the following parameters ; Location and reasons for selecting the location ; Physical layout ; Cost and availability of machinery, equipments, raw material ; List of suppliers and, if possible, distributors ; Cost of manufacturing ; Quality management ; Production scheduling, capacity management and inventory management ; Changes in above in the case of expansion of business.
It is outline of the business giving details of the finance, assets, staff, products or services and markets. It guides the entrepreneur, it identifies possible problems and it is also used in funding applications. The business plans sets out how to owner of a business intends to realize its objectives.
Marketing Plan: Marketing plan lays down the strategies of marketing which can lead to the success of business. These strategies are in terms of marketing mix (product, price, place and promotion). From the market feasibility study and marketing research, potential/ present demands of customers are determined which helps in understanding the profile of customers and hence help in laying down the strategies for segmentation of the market, identification of the target market laying down strategies for target market.
The business plan serves several purposes: Enables the entrepreneur to think through the business in a logical and structured way and to set out the stage in the achievement of the business objectives ; Enables the entrepreneur to plot progress against the plan ; Ensures that the resources needed to carry out the strategy and the times when they are required are both identified ; Preparing the business plan ensures that the entrepreneur has thought through the crucial aspects of the venture ; It is a means for making all employees aware of the business direction ; It is an important document for discussion with prospective investors and lenders of finance ; It links into the derailed, short-term, one-year budget.
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